Eadweard J. Muybridge at Google Doodle - Eadweard J. Muybridge's 182nd Birthday

April 9, 2012 | 01:32

Google Doodle Celebrate Eadweard J. Muybridge's 182nd Birthday

Eadweard J. Muybridge at Google Doodle - Eadweard J. Muybridge's 182nd Birthday

Google doodle page today again changed in accordance with the observed moment. Today is April 9, 2012, coinciding with Eadweard J. Muybridge's 182nd Birthday, google doodle also celebrate.

Eadweard J. Muybridge

Eadweard J. Muybridge

Eadweard J. Muybridge (9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904) was an English photographer of Dutch ancestry who spent much of his life in the United States. He is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion which used multiple cameras to capture motion, and his zoopraxiscope, a device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip.

Born Edward James Muggeridge, he changed his name several times early in his US career. First he changed his forenames to the Spanish equivalent Eduardo Santiago, perhaps because of the Spanish influence on Californian place names. His surname appears at times as Muggridge and Muygridge (possibly due to misspellings), and Muybridge from the 1860s.

In the 1870s he changed his first name again to Eadweard, to match the spelling of King Edward shown on the plinth of the Kingston coronation stone, which was re-erected in Kingston in 1850. His name remained Eadweard Muybridge for the rest of his career. However, his gravestone bears a further variant, Eadweard Maybridge.

He used the pseudonym Helios (Greek god of the sun) on many of his photographs, and also as the name of his studio and his son's middle name.

Muybridge was born at Kingston upon Thames, England on April 9, 1830. He emigrated to the US, arriving in San Francisco in 1855, where he started a career as a publisher's agent and bookseller. He left San Francisco at the end of the 1850s, and after a stagecoach accident in which he received severe head injuries, returned to England for a few years.

While recuperating back in England, he took up photography seriously sometime between 1861 and 1866, where he learned the wet-collodion process.

He reappeared in San Francisco in 1866 and rapidly became successful in photography, focusing principally on landscape and architectural subjects, although his business cards also advertised his services for portraiture.

His photographs were sold by various photographic entrepreneurs on Montgomery Street (most notably the firm of Bradley & Rulofson), San Francisco's main commercial street, during those years.

Eadweard Muybridge returned to his native England for good in 1894, published two further, popular books of his work, and died on 8 May 1904 in Kingston upon Thames while living at the home of his cousin Catherine Smith, Park View, 2 Liverpool Road. The house has a British Film Institute commemorative plaque on the outside wall which was unveiled in 2004. Muybridge was cremated and his ashes interred at Woking in Surrey.

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadweard_Muybridge
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